Emergency Cardiac Surgery

Medical Emergencies like cardiac arrest are life-threatening disorders and must be treated immediately. Treatment must not be delayed avoiding mortality and morbidity. Patients with chest pain, severe hypertension, dysrhythmia or cardiopulmonary arrest are the ones requiring emergency cardiac surgery.
Cardiopulmonary arrest happens all of a sudden and due to unexpected loss of blood flow and occurs mainly due to multitude of infectious, cardiovascular, neurological, metabolic, inflammatory or traumatic diseases. The patients with cardiac arrest can be given CPR-cardiopulmonary resuscitation which improves their chances of survival. Early defibrillation can be performed after evaluating heart rhythm and after transferring to a medical centre,life support are given in the intensive care units through intubation, intravenousaccess, rapid chest compressions and advanced life support drugs.

Heart Specialist

when a person arrives after a longer time of cardiopulmory arrest, after administering CPR,shock is administered. Cardiac surgeons do surgeries to maximise patient's life expectancy and though it is an emergency, various aspects of the patient’s health is taken into consideration and discussed with the family members before a surgery is performed.

A team of specialised surgeons perform the complicated surgery which sometimes takes several hours where the patient is under anaesthesia and life support machines and ventilators. Surgeries conducted urgently are a part of a daily practice in cardiovascular units, and it is required in patients with acute coronary syndrome conditions and valvular diseases.
Emergency cardiac surgery done on patients have the highest mortality rate but also have the most to gain from a successful surgery. The high risk of mortality leads to risk averse clinical decisions which are likely to be inappropriate in some emergency patients. There are too many risks involved after emergency surgeries like infections in the chest, stroke or heart attack,lung infections, respiratory problems or kidney failures,blood clots and neurological problems. post surgerical care is very important and patients should take adequate care not to get infected and remain in the intensive care units for few days and some weeks in the hospitals.
Surgeons who have completed their medical degree specialise for another three years of study in Internal medicine and cardio pulmonology and are extensively trained in their internship to respond to medical emergencies concerning the cardiovascular systems. They are trained to respond to emergency cases and take decisions which are life altering for the patients who are in the critical care units and Intensive care units.

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