Medical Emergencies like cardiac arrest are life-threatening disorders and must be treated immediately. Treatment must not be delayed avoiding mortality and morbidity. Patients with chest pain, severe hypertension, dysrhythmia or cardiopulmonary arrest are the ones requiring emergency cardiac surgery.
Cardiopulmonary arrest happens all of a sudden and due to unexpected loss of blood flow and occurs mainly due to multitude of infectious, cardiovascular, neurological, metabolic, inflammatory or traumatic diseases. The patients with cardiac arrest can be given CPR-cardiopulmonary resuscitation which improves their chances of survival. Early defibrillation can be performed after evaluating heart rhythm and after transferring to a medical centre,life support are given in the intensive care units through intubation, intravenousaccess, rapid chest compressions and advanced life support drugs.