Cardiac catheterization

Cardiac catheterization is a diagnostic procedure. It is done for comprehensive examination of how the heart and its blood vessels function. One or more catheters is inserted through a peripheral blood vessel in the arm (antecubital artery or vein) or leg (femoral artery or vein) with x-ray guidance. Cardiac catheterization is performed to know if you have the disease heart muscle, valves or coronary (heart) arteries.

Heart Specialist

Heart catheterization is to diagnose and manage persons known or suspected to have heart disease, a frequently fatal condition that leads to 1.5 million heart attacks annually in the United States.

Diagnoses and Symptoms that may lead to performing this procedure include :

  •   Heart pain, characterized by prolonged heavy pressure or a squeezing pain
  •   Abnormal treadmill stress test
  •   Heart problems that originated from birth
  •   A diagnosis of valvular-heart disease
  •   A need to measure the heart muscle's ability to pump blood
  •   heart attack is also known as myocardial infarction

    • it is done with the angiography, a technique of injecting a dye into the vascular system to outline the heart and blood vessels, a catheterization can aid in the visualization of any blockages or narrowing or abnormalities in the coronary arteries. If these symptoms are analysed, the cardiologist may assess the patient's need and it is readiness for coronary bypass surgery, or perhaps a less invasive approach, such as dilation of a narrowed blood vessel either surgically or with use of a balloon.
      To know how a cardiac catheterization is able to diagnose and manage heart disease, the basic workings of the heart muscle must also be understood. the body produces supplies blood to aid in its everyday function. Catheterization is a valuable tool in detecting and treating abnormalities of the heart.

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