Medical diagnosis and treatment of congenital heart defects
Coronary artery diseases
Valvular heart diseases
Electrophysiology in children.
A medical practitioner who specializes in this field of paediatric cardiology is called paediatric cardiologist.
It is practised in regional centres staffed by three or more consultant paediatric cardiologists, with the supporting personnel and equipment necessary to diagnose and treat children with cardiac conditions. These centres are either part of paediatric hospitals or major cardiothoracic centres. The specialty provides a service from fetal life, through childhood, into adulthood and is concerned with diseases of the heart in the growing and developing individual. Close liaison with paediatrics, paediatric subspecialties, cardiothoracic surgery, adult cardiology, obstetrics, radiology and pathology is required.