The treatment perspective for bifurcation lesions has been altered due to the use of drug-eluting stents in clinical practices. There are numerous devices and techniques for the treatment of bifurcation lesions which are metallic stents, balloon angioplasty, newly designed stents with dedicated access to side branch, drug-eluting stents, and fully bifurcated stents.
The outcomes of coronary lesions including bifurcation lesions are improved with the newer generation drug-eluting stents. A blockage in the site where blood vessels divide into two is known as a bifurcation lesion. There is narrowing in two branches of the blood vessel. The preferred treatment for bifurcation lesion is a provisional approach of placing a stent in the main vessel. Some lesions require 2 stents.